Maritime transport remains the mainstay of international trade and globalization process, transporting above 80% of the physical volume of world commodity trade.
The rapid growth of the dry bulk cargo market and fierce competition lead to a shortage of deep-water ports where large-sized cargo ships can be loaded and unloaded. Dredging and creating new port territories requires significant financial, technical and natural resources.
The concept of SkyWay sea port and cargo string transport, which form a single complex and remove restrictions on the distance from the shore and the depth of water at the mooring front, offers an alternative solution to the problem of lack of port capacities for cargo handling.
Sea port and SkyWay transport system make up a single logistics complex for cargo delivery that functions automatically, for example, from a field deposit to a ship. String transport, unlike railroad, provides a uniform rhythm of productivity rate and completely excludes warehouse volumes onsite the port. Thus, the loading capacity of a sea port is completely determined by the performance of the transport system.
The mooring front with depths of 25 m or more depending on the class and water draft of processed vessels is arranged with minimal capital costs for dredging and creation of the port water area by using the natural depth
The approach of bulk carriers is simplified and pilot support is minimized due to the absence of approach channels
Loading of the entire volume of cargo without intermediate storage reduces time and operating costs and saves large coastal areas from pollution
The construction of a transshipment sea port requires considerably less time and funds
Allocation of the port is offshore in the open sea
Natural sea depth in the port — 20-30 m
Distance of the port from the shore — 1-10 km
Volume of cargo handling — up to 250 million tons per year
Number of transit passengers — from 1 million people per year
Delivery of goods (bulk, liquid and piece types) at a distance of 5-10 km and more from the shore without significantly increasing costs
There is no need to create moorage walls to berth large vessels and conduct dredging and shore protection works
It is possible to deliver cargo to a seaport located in the area of natural depths (up to 25 m)
The port and SkyWay transport system make up a single logistics complex of cargo delivery that operates in automatic mode
Type of bulk cargo transportation — from a mining company to a bulk ship's hold without intermediate storage
SkyWay sea port provides unlimited opportunities for further development of the bulk cargo market without significant capital expenditures and environmental damage.